Chickpea Flour – A Nutritional Guide

Dried chickpeas (garbanzo beans) are floor right into a powder to make chickpea flour. It’s a standard part in Center Japanese and Indian delicacies, the place individuals use it to make falafel and hummus, amongst different meals. The flour is exceptionally nutritious since garbanzo beans are wealthy in protein, fibre, minerals, and B nutritional vitamins. 

Chickpea flour (often known as garbanzo bean flour, besan, or gram flour) generally is a nice ingredient to get extra protein and fibre into your weight loss program. It’s a flexible ingredient within the vegan weight loss program, vegetarian, and gluten-free recipes. As well as, its delicate, nutty flavour compliments a variety of savoury and candy recipes.

Essentially the most vital distinction between the three forms of chickpea flour is the sorts of chickpeas used to make them. One is Kabuli chickpeas, the standard tan-coloured chickpeas you’re in all probability most acquainted with. The following is desi chickpeas, that are smaller and have rougher hulls. Relying on the place the seed pods are from, desi chickpeas are darker in color, starting from inexperienced to brown to virtually black.

The darkish variant of desi chickpeas, often known as Kala chana or Bengal chickpeas, is used to make the normal chickpea flour, often known as gram flour or besan. The method includes discarding brown hulls of dried chickpeas and splitting the seeds to make flour. Lentils, peas, and chickpeas are all members of the Fabaceae botanical household, though they’re separate species.

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Chickpea flour could make patties and veggie burgers, thicken sauces, soups, stews, flatbreads, batter-based dishes like pancakes and waffles deep-frying batters for quite a lot of meals. It is a superb addition to fast bread, cookies, and muffins when coupled with different gluten-free flours.

Forms of Chickpea Flour

One method to make chickpea flour is to grind chana dal right into a advantageous powder, the prevalent kind referred to as besan (or gram flour). The choice variation includes flouring dried Kabuli chickpeas, the standard tan-coloured ones (chickpea flour). 

The 2 are comparable however not equivalent. Besan produced with desi chickpeas could have a extra refined, denser texture. However, chickpea flour ready from odd garbanzos can be coarser and fluffier. The flavour can be comparable, however the primary distinction would be the quantity of liquid required to make a batter of the identical consistency. It should take much less water to make Besan.

Dietary Properties of Chickpea Flour

In keeping with the USDA, 100g of chickpea flour has the next dietary values:

  • Vitality: 387 kcal
  • Protein: 22.4 g
  • Fats: 6.6 g
  • Carbohydrates: 57.8 g
  • Fibre: 10.8 g
  • Iron: 4.86mg
  • Calcium: 45 g
  • Magnesium: 166 mg
  • Vitamin Okay: 9.1 µg

Vitamin Information

Like different legumes, chickpea flour gives a plant-based protein and fibre that gradual digestion, promote fullness, handle physique weight, and forestall coronary heart illness. Chickpea flour additionally gives a major quantity of carbs, most of which come from fibre, sugar and the remaining from starch.

The glycemic index of chickpea flour is 44, which helps in fast weight reduction and regulates blood stress.

Chickpea flour can also be excessive in minerals and nutritional vitamins, phosphorus, zinc, folate, thiamine, magnesium and potassium, which positively enhance coronary heart well being. Folate is an important vitamin throughout being pregnant.

Well being Advantages of Chickpea Flour

In keeping with research, since chickpea flour incorporates extra protein, fibre, and nutritional vitamins than white flour, substituting chickpea flour for refined wheat flour boosts the dietary worth of the meals. It’s additionally plentiful minerals essential for robust bones and enamel, a wholesome immune system, and regular muscle and nerve perform.

Listed below are among the well being advantages of chickpea flour.

Chickpea Flour Are Coronary heart-Pleasant

Research counsel that consuming a weight loss program excessive in non-soy legumes could help in reducing complete and LDL (dangerous) levels of cholesterol. That makes it a more healthy alternative for a heart-healthy weight loss program.

The Mediterranean weight loss program, for instance, contains legumes, and there may be substantial proof of the weight loss program’s well being benefits.

Protected for Diabetics

Research reveal that individuals with diabetes could profit from meals made with chickpea flour as a result of fibre helps scale back the absorption of dietary carbohydrates. Consequently, it doesn’t spike your blood sugar ranges.

Promotes Intestine Well being

Chickpeas and chickpea flour embrace resistant starch, which sustains the great micro organism within the massive gut and improves intestine well being. In keeping with research, these micro organism support within the prevention of metabolic sicknesses like weight problems, colon most cancers, and diabetes.

Aids within the Prevention of Neural Tube Defects

Chickpea flour is wealthy in B vitamin folate (folic acid). Ladies who’re pregnant or planning to get pregnant ought to have plenty of folates to keep away from neural tube beginning abnormalities like spina bifida. Chickpea flour generally is a wealthy supply of folate you can add to your weight loss program.

Promotes Satiety

Meals made utilizing chickpea flour might be wholesome for individuals attempting to drop some pounds since they comprise protein and fibre. These meals hold you fuller for longer and provide help to really feel happy between meals, lowering your starvation and the urge to snack.

Gluten-Free Weight loss program Assist

Since chickpea flour is a product of legumes, it’s gluten-free. Nevertheless, when buying flour, use warning because of the potential of cross-contamination from manufacturing or packaging gear.

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Chickpea flour is filled with vitamins. It incorporates fibre, iron, calcium, magnesium, and so forth., that aids in managing blood sugar ranges, promotes coronary heart and intestine well being, prevents neural tube defects, and helps in weight reduction by offering a long-lasting feeling of fullness. It is usually appropriate for gluten illiberal individuals as it’s gluten-free. Furthermore, it additionally has excessive potassium and low sodium content material. It’s no secret that meals wealthy in potassium considerably lowers blood stress. 

Making Chickpea Flour at Dwelling

If you don’t want to purchase chickpea flour from the market, you possibly can simply make it at house. 

  • Take dried garbanzo beans in a meals processor or espresso grinder to make a powder. 
  • You may also make chickpea flour from canned chickpeas. 
  • First, rinse them, pat them dry, after which unfold them out on a baking sheet to roast for 30 to 40 minutes at 450 levels F. 
  • Permit them to chill earlier than grinding them into flour.

Chickpea flour has a nice nutty flavour that enhances quite a lot of dishes. You need to use your flour in varied methods when you’ve ready it. Though chickpea flour will not be appropriate for making bread with yeast, it’s best for fast bread similar to banana bread, muffins, and muffins.

Chickpea flour might be best for making high-protein wraps and pancakes, and it may additionally add protein content material to vegetarian meals. As well as, including chickpea flour to non-fried snacks like brownies and cookies could make them nutritious. Nevertheless, it’s best to all the time select dishes which can be typically decrease in fats, sugar, and energy per serving to maintain the bean flour’s well being benefits.

Methods to Use Chickpea Flour

  • You need to use chickpea flour as a alternative for all-purpose flour.
  • You need to use it as a pure thickener in soups and curries.
  • You need to use it together with wheat flour for making chapati.
  • You need to use it to make oil-free pancakes or chillas.
  • You need to use it in making pizza dough.

Wholesome Recipes for Chickpea Flour

Oil-free Dhokla

Dhokla is a well-known snack in Gujarat, India. It’s wholesome, filling and engaging. There are lots of forms of Dhokla utilizing cereals and pulses like chickpea flour and Rawa flour. This “Oil-free Dhokla” model is equally scrumptious however low on energy to make it more healthy.

Serves: 10 items

Preparation time: 20-30 min


  • Chickpea flour (Besan): 1 cup
  • Rava (Semolina): 1 tbsp (elective)
  • Chillies: 2 finely chopped
  • Ginger: ½ inch grated
  • Water: ¾ to 1 cup
  • Coriander: ¼ cup, finely chopped
  • Curry Leaves: ¼ cup, finely chopped
  • Mustard Seeds: ½ tsp
  • Hing (Asafoetida): 1 pinch
  • Eno Fruit Salt: 1 tsp
  • Salt: As per style
  • Coconut: 2 tbsp
  • Lemon juice: 1 tbsp

Technique of Preparation

  • Take 2 cups of water in a steamer and boil it over a medium flame.
  • Oil your baking tray with ½ tsp oil and hold prepared.
  • Combine all of the important substances besides Eno fruit salt and lemon juice in a bowl and make a easy paste with none lumps.
  • Now, add Eno fruit salt into the combination, stir in a single route for 2 minutes & pour into the greased plate/tray.
  • Place this tray on the steamer, and steam it for 20 min over medium flame.
  • Now, take a toothpick or knife and insert it into the Dhokla to test whether or not it’s prepared. If a clear toothpick comes out, meaning your Dhokla is prepared.
  • Flip off the flame, and look forward to 5-10min to chill down.
  • Take a knife, and minimize down the Dhokla into squares. Garnish it with coriander, coconut, and pepper and drizzle the lemon juice on prime.
  • Serve with inexperienced chilli and coriander-mint chutney.

Besan Chilla Recipe

Chila, a pancake with a nutty flavour and chickpea style, makes it a tasty breakfast choice. Besan flour is of course excessive in protein, and additionally it is common Indian avenue meals.

Serves: 2 servings

Preparation time: 10 min


  • Chickpea flour (besan): 100 g
  • Onion: 1 (finely chopped)
  • Tomato: 1 (finely chopped)
  • Coriander leaves (cilantro): 2 tbsp (finely chopped)
  • Inexperienced chillies: 1 tbsp (finely chopped) 
  • Ginger: ½ inch (finely chopped)
  • Ajwain (carom seeds): ½ tbsp
  • Turmeric powder: ¼ tbsp
  • Water: ¾ to 1 cup or add as required salt to style
  • Oil (just for brushing)


  • Add chickpea flour, onion, tomato, ginger, inexperienced chillies, floor spices, carom seeds, coriander leaves and salt.
  • Add ½ cup of water and blend to make a easy, flowing consistency within the batter; if the batter appears to be like thick, add extra water relying on the standard and texture of the besan. Make sure that no lumps needs to be there.
  • Warmth a non-stick pan or Tawa on a medium-low flame.
  • Take a spoon stuffed with chickpea flour batter, pour it onto the pan, and unfold calmly and gently to stop the chilla from breaking.
  • After brushing a couple of drops of oil throughout. Prepare dinner the chilla for 2-3 minutes on either side.
  • Proceed to prepare dinner until the bottom will get a golden and crispy texture.
  • Fold and serve chilla sizzling with coriander, mint chutney, or tomato ketchup.

Vitamin per Serving

  • Energy: 108 kcal
  • Fats: 6 g
  • Ldl cholesterol: 1 mg
  • Sodium: 210 mg
  • Potassium: 168 mg
  • Carbohydrates: 10 g
  • Protein: 4 g

Storage and Meals Security

You’ll find it within the pure or worldwide meals part, and you possibly can additionally have a look at uncooked meals shops and small cooperatives. Preserve chickpea flour baggage at room temperature till you’re prepared to make use of them. Then, reseal the bag, place the flour in a sealable container, and retailer it in a cool, dry location just like the fridge. If it is advisable hold chickpea flour for a protracted interval, it’s finest to refrigerate it.

Potential Drawbacks of Chickpea Flour

Allergic Response

Some persons are allergic to legumes, together with chickpeas; they could really feel abdomen discomfort, nausea, vomiting and itching. It’s best to seek the advice of your physician earlier than consuming chickpea flour if you’re allergic to chickpea. Continual signs embrace diarrhoea, shortness of breath and a deadly drop in blood stress. 

Interference with Medicines

Individuals on some drugs, similar to beta-blockers for coronary heart issues, ought to restrict their potassium consumption since their blood potassium stage is excessive. Nevertheless, chickpea flour has plentiful potassium. Therefore, it’s best to restrict its consumption.

Uric Acid Accumulation

Chickpeas comprise the chemical purine, which produces an excessive amount of uric acid, inflicting gout when damaged down. As well as, the buildup of uric acid crystals within the joints causes gout.

Issues with The Digestive System

Sure individuals could have issue consuming beans, bean-based meals similar to chickpea flour, and even all grains because of antinutrients and enzymes. As well as, most legumes comprise bioactive substances affecting digestion and nutrient absorption, similar to enzyme inhibitors and phenolic compounds.


Garbanzo bean flour is comprised of floor chickpeas and is usually often known as gram flour or besan. It’s prevalent within the Center East, India, and Africa. Protein, fibre, folate, manganese, copper, magnesium, and different vitamins are plentiful in gram flour. As well as, it’s filling and may also help with digestion and coronary heart well being. 

Making selfmade chickpea flour is simple if in case you have a meals processor. Soak, dehydrate/dry, and grind the beans to make this gluten-free flour. You need to use it in baking, soups, and as an alternative choice to odd flour. It has a flavour that’s naturally candy and wealthy, akin to coconut flour. Make pizza crusts, bread, muffins, and cookies with it. 

Chickpea flour is a superb different to common white or refined flour. Making a wholesome alternative and dwelling a wholesome life-style will help in stopping unfavourable well being circumstances. 

Continuously Requested Questions(FAQs)

Q. Is chickpea flour low in carbs?

A. Chickpea flour is excessive in dietary components and a very good substitute for refined wheat flour however excessive in carbohydrates. So it isn’t an excellent choice for these on a keto or low-carb weight loss program. Ought to seek the advice of a well being specialist earlier than incorporating it into your weight loss program.  

Q. Is chickpea flour excessive in protein?

A. Chickpea flour incorporates extra protein than different flour, similar to white and entire wheat flour. Chickpea flour has 20g of protein per cup (92g), in comparison with 13g in white flour and 16g in whole-wheat flour. So, it’s useful in rising muscle mass and strengthening,  lowering urge for food, constructing bones and boosting metabolism.  

Q. Is chickpea flour good for weight reduction?

A. In case you’re making an attempt to chop energy, chickpea flour is a superb substitute for wheat flour. One cup (92g) of chickpea flour has round 25% fewer energy than the identical quantity of refined wheat flour, indicating a decrease vitality density. The importance of vitality density and portion dimension in weight administration isn’t any secret. Researchers consider that sticking to your common parts however selecting lower-calorie objects is a simpler weight-loss approach than merely consuming much less. 

Q. Is chickpea flour keto-friendly?

A. 100g of chickpea flour has round 57.8g of carbohydrates and 10.8g of fibre. So, chickpeas are excessive in carbs. Therefore, it isn’t a keto-friendly choice in any respect.  In keeping with The Dietary Pointers for People suggestions, carbs’ day by day consumption needs to be between 225-325 grams a day.  

Q. Which flour is lowest in carbs?

A. Almond flour is the bottom carb content material and is used extensively for a keto weight loss program. The carbohydrate content material, in response to USDA, for 100 grams, is 21.43 grams however could fluctuate as per the model. It’s solely gluten-free. Almond flour is wealthy in antioxidants, vitamin E and different important minerals. It helps improve HDL(good ldl cholesterol) stage, promotes weight reduction, gives instantaneous vitality and improves psychological well being.  

Q. Is chickpea flour higher than white flour?

A. Sure, chickpea flour is a superb white flour alternative. It has a greater dietary profile than refined flour, because it incorporates extra nutritional vitamins, minerals, and fibre whereas containing fewer energy and carbohydrates. As well as, chickpea flour is a richer supply of protein than white flour, which is useful within the progress and growth of the physique. 

Q. Is chickpea flour higher than oat flour?

A. Each chickpea flour and oats flour are nutrient-dense. Nevertheless, if in contrast, chickpeas are considerably excessive in folate, which is an important nutrient throughout being pregnant. The protein content material is extra in chickpeas, and oats have a better carbohydrate, fats, thiamin, riboflavin and pantothenic acid content material. Subsequently, chickpea flour is best than oats flour.  

Q. Which flour is finest for weight reduction?

A. Almond flour, in contrast to wheat flour, is excessive in protein, making you full for an prolonged interval. Moreover,  it contains good fat and vitamin E, making it one of many best flours for weight reduction. It’s additionally gluten-free and excessive in magnesium, iron, and calcium. It helps weight reduction by offering important vitamins.  

Q. Is chickpea flour onerous to digest?

A. Chickpeas are excessive in soluble fibre and resistant starch, contributing to the flour’s low glycemic index, which helps in fast weight reduction. The presence of fibre content material makes them a powerhouse in helping digestion, lowering constipation, and even selling weight discount by filling you up. Subsequently, they’ll simply digest; nonetheless, an excessive amount of consumption might be onerous to digest.  

Q. Does chickpea flour make you gassy?

A. Due to their excessive fibre content material, beans, lentils, and chickpeas are famend for inflicting bloating and wind. Regardless of this, you might not have to avoid them solely, and many individuals are extra tolerant of canned beans than dried legumes. Whereas sprouted chickpea flour is troublesome to return by, it might be an alternate if typical roasted chickpeas irritate your abdomen and create digestive points like fuel and bloating. 

Q. Can chickpea flour trigger bloat?

A. Chickpeas are excessive in oligosaccharides and sugars in rye, onions, and garlic. As a result of they’re current in excessive concentrations in chickpeas, a big portion should journey by our system, leading to extra extended and extreme bloating or discomfort.

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