Consumer Health: Treating prostate cancer

September is Prostate Most cancers Consciousness Month, which makes this a very good time to find out about treating prostate most cancers.

Prostate most cancers will have an effect on 1 in 8 males, in line with the American Most cancers Society. After pores and skin most cancers, prostate most cancers is the most typical most cancers identified in males within the U.S. Greater than 168,000 new circumstances of prostate most cancers will probably be identified this 12 months, and greater than 34,000 individuals will die of the illness.

The prostate is a small walnut-shaped gland in males that produces the seminal fluid that nourishes and transports sperm. Many prostate cancers develop slowly and are confined to the prostate gland, the place they might not trigger critical hurt. Nonetheless, whereas some kinds of prostate most cancers develop slowly and might have minimal and even no remedy, different varieties are aggressive and may unfold rapidly.

Elements that may enhance your danger of prostate most cancers embrace:

  • Older age
    Your danger of prostate most cancers will increase as you age. It is most typical after 50.
  • Race
    African American males are at higher danger of prostate most cancers than males of different races, and their prostate most cancers is extra more likely to be aggressive or superior.
  • Household historical past
    If a blood relative, corresponding to a guardian, sibling or little one, has been identified with prostate most cancers, your danger could also be elevated. Additionally, when you’ve got a household historical past of genes that enhance the danger of breast most cancers ― BRCA1 or BRCA2 ― or a robust household historical past of breast most cancers, your danger of prostate most cancers could also be increased.
  • Weight problems
    Males who’re overweight could have a better danger of prostate most cancers, in contrast with males thought-about to have a wholesome weight, although research have had blended outcomes. In males who’re overweight, the most cancers is extra more likely to be extra aggressive and extra more likely to return after preliminary remedy.

When you’ve been identified with prostate most cancers, your remedy choices will rely upon a number of elements, corresponding to how briskly your most cancers is rising, whether or not it has unfold and your general well being, in addition to the potential advantages or unintended effects of the remedy.

Low-grade prostate most cancers could not want remedy straight away. For some, remedy could by no means be wanted. As an alternative, lively surveillance could also be an choice for most cancers that is not inflicting signs, is predicted to develop slowly and is confined to a small space of the prostate. Energetic surveillance additionally could also be thought-about for somebody who has one other critical well being situation or for whom superior age makes most cancers remedy harder.

In lively surveillance, common follow-up blood assessments, rectal exams and prostate biopsies could also be carried out to watch the development of your most cancers. If assessments present your most cancers is progressing, you could go for remedy.

If remedy is really helpful, choices can embrace:

  • Surgical procedure to take away the prostate.
  • Radiation remedy.
  • Ablative therapies.
  • Hormone remedy.
  • Chemotherapy.
  • Immunotherapy.
  • Focused drug remedy.

Join with others speaking about prostate most cancers, screening and coverings within the Prostate Most cancers assist group on Mayo Clinic Join, a web-based affected person group moderated by Mayo Clinic.

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