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COVID-19 Boosters – familydoctor.org

In case you’ve obtained the complete COVID-19 vaccine (2 doses of Pfizer-BioNTech, 2 doses of Moderna or a single dose of Johnson & Johnson), you might be questioning whether or not you want or ought to get a booster shot. The reply is sure. The Facilities for Illness Management (CDC) and American Academy of Household Physicians (AAFP) advocate that totally vaccinated people age 12 and older get a COVID-19 vaccine booster shot for one of the best safety.

COVID-19 vaccines are working nicely to stop extreme sickness, hospitalization, and loss of life, even in opposition to the Delta variant and Omicron variant. Nonetheless, public well being specialists have seen some lowered safety after intial vaccination, particularly amongst sure populations, in opposition to gentle and average illness. Information is exhibiting that boosters improve vaccine effectiveness. Vaccine boosters are literally frequent methods to enhance safety and particularly assist individuals on the highest danger for COVID-19 issues.

Path to Improved Well being

What does totally vaccinated imply?

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You might be thought of totally vaccinated when you obtained 2 doses of the Pfizer vaccine, 2 doses of the Moderna vaccine or the single-dose Johnson & Johnson vaccine.

What’s the distinction between a booster shot and an extra dose?

An “further dose” refers to people who find themselves reasonably to severely immunocompromised receiving an extra dose of an mRNA COVID-19 vaccine (Pfizer or Moderna). It’s because they might not have obtained sufficient safety from their preliminary 2-dose vaccine sequence. In January 2022, the CDC licensed a 3rd dose of the Pfizer vaccine for youngsters 5-11 who’ve immunosupression.

A “booster dose” is a supplemental vaccine dose given to individuals when the immune response to a main vaccine sequence was sufficient however is prone to have decreased over time.

Who’s eligible for the COVID-19 booster shot?

The CDC strongly recommends the everybody over age 12 get a COVID-19 vaccine booster.

Folks 18 12 months and older can get a booster dose of any of the COVID-19 vaccines, even when its totally different from the unique vaccine they obtained. Folks 12 to 17 years previous should get the Pfizer vaccine. Solely the Pfizer vaccine is permitted for this age group.

In case you obtained each doses of the Pfizer or Moderna vaccines, you’re eligible for a booster 5 months after completion of the second dose. In case you obtained the Johnson & Johnson vaccine, you’re eligible for a booster 2 months after the preliminary vaccine dose.

Keep in mind to convey your COVID-19 vaccination card to your booster appointment. It will likely be up to date together with your booster info and the date of the booster.

Issues to Think about

There are various questions surrounding the “mixing and matching” of COVID-19 vaccines when getting a booster. The CDC and Meals and Drug Administration (FDA) say it’s secure to get a unique booster. For instance, when you initially obtained the Johnson & Johnson shot, you possibly can obtain Pfizer or Moderna for a booster.

In late 2021, the CDC stated that Pfizer and Moderna vaccines are most well-liked over Johnson & Johnson COVID-19 vaccine for people aged 18 and older. That is based mostly on security knowledge associated to circumstances of thrombosis with thrombocytopenia syndrome (TTS), which is a uncommon syndrome that causes blood clots and low platelet counts.

An important determination is to get a booster.

Whereas the CDC serves as a nationwide public well being useful resource, it’s essential to test together with your native state or county well being division. Eligibility tips might differ by division based mostly on the proportion of individuals vaccinated in your space or by surges in circumstances.

A COVID-19 booster protects you from severe an infection, hospitalization, and loss of life, and likewise slows the unfold of the virus in your neighborhood, together with different protecting measures like masking and bodily distancing.

Inquiries to Ask Your Physician

  • Is a COVID-19 booster required?
  • How does a booster shot work?
  • Ought to my youngsters get a booster dose?
  • Will I really feel sick after receiving a booster?
  • Will I’ve to indicate my COVID-19 vaccination card?

Assets

American Academy of Household Physicians: COVID-19 Booster Dose FAQs

Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention: COVID-19 Vaccine Booster Photographs

Nationwide Institutes of Well being, MedlinePlus: COVID-19 Vaccines

 

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