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COVID-19 vaccine myths vs. facts

COVID-19 vaccine myths are prevalent in the USA at this time. Virtually 4 of each 5 American adults imagine or are unsure of at the least one false assertion or fable in regards to the COVID-19 pandemic or the vaccines.

With 78% of adults who responded to a latest Kaiser Household Basis survey believing a falsehood, we check out these false statements – myths – and supply info from trusted sources and a few of our specialists at OSF HealthCare.

Delusion: The federal government is exaggerating the variety of COVID-19 deaths.

Reality: This fable stems from a desk from the Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention (CDC) that reveals how the bulk of people that have died of COVID-19 had a number of causes listed on their demise certificates.

The hypothesis is that the deaths resulted from pre-existing situations similar to coronary heart illness, a lung situation, weight problems, diabetes or a weakened immune system. The CDC states that reasoning is correct and that the overwhelming majority of these people may have lived longer if that they had not contracted COVID-19.

“For deaths with situations or causes along with COVID-19, on common, there have been 2.6 extra situations or causes per demise,” the CDC states.

This aligns with what public well being officers have mentioned all through the pandemic. The chance of turning into severely in poor health from or dying of COVID-19 could also be elevated for individuals who produce other critical well being issues.

Delusion: Pregnant girls shouldn’t get the COVID-19 vaccine.

Reality: The COVID-19 vaccines are secure for you and your unborn youngster, in keeping with the nation’s main public well being specialists.

The American Faculty of Obstetrician Gynecologists (ACOG), the Society for Maternal Fetal Medication (SMFM), the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and the CDC strongly suggest vaccinating girls who’re breastfeeding, girls who’re pregnant and ladies who’re attempting to get pregnant.

“The advice that ladies who’re breastfeeding, pregnant or planning being pregnant get vaccinated has solely gotten stronger over time,” mentioned Michael Leonardi, MD, a maternal-fetal drugs specialist for OSF HealthCare. “The COVID vaccines are a few of the most completely studied medication we have now ever given – particularly to pregnant girls.

“The easiest way to handle a child in utero is to handle the mom who’s carrying the newborn. The easiest way to handle a new child is to make sure the folks caring for the new child are vaccinated and COVID-free.”

Ladies who’re vaccinated earlier than or throughout being pregnant make antibodies towards COVID-19, which cross the placenta into the newborn, similar to antibodies towards something the mom has ever been contaminated with or vaccinated towards. These antibodies are detectable within the child.

Delusion: The vaccines have been proven to trigger infertility.

Reality: COVID-19 vaccination is really useful for everybody age 5 and older, together with people who find themselves attempting to get pregnant now or who may develop into pregnant sooner or later, in addition to their companions, in keeping with the CDC.

There isn’t a proof that reveals that any vaccines, together with COVID-19 vaccines, trigger fertility issues (issue attempting to get pregnant) in girls or males. Study extra about COVID-19 vaccines and individuals who wish to have a child.

As well as, for youngsters ages 5-11 who obtain the vaccine, “There was no proof that both the COVID-19 vaccine or an infection from COVID-19 impacts fertility,” mentioned Frank Han, MD, an OSF HealthCare Youngsters’s Hospital of Illinois pediatric heart specialist.

Sadly, in keeping with Raghu Kasetty, MD, an OSF Medical Group pediatrician, there’s a whole lot of misinformation in regards to the vaccine that confuses folks, making it arduous to make the right determination.

“There isn’t a confirmed hyperlink between getting the COVID-19 vaccine and a baby’s reproductive organ growth,” Dr. Kasetty mentioned.

Delusion: Ivermectin is a secure and efficient COVID-19 remedy.

Reality: For months, completely different information and social media retailers have talked about ivermectin getting used to deal with COVID-19. It has additionally been a well-liked subject on Twitter and was even touted as a miracle drug. However this isn’t the case, in keeping with the U.S. Meals and Drug Administration (FDA).

Ivermectin is permitted by the FDA as a prescription remedy to deal with sure infections brought on by inside and exterior parasites. It isn’t approved or permitted for prevention or remedy of COVID-19.

“Ivermectin is a drugs that was developed to deal with parasites. It’s primarily like an antibiotic for parasites and has been studied towards parasites like scabies or lice – that are parasites you could be accustomed to,” mentioned Invoice Walsh, MD, a chief medical director with OSF HealthCare. “It has no recognized impact towards a micro organism and it has no recognized impact towards a virus.”

The FDA’s client replace on ivermectin additional states, “Utilizing any remedy for COVID-19 that’s not permitted or approved by the FDA, except a part of a scientific trial, could cause critical hurt. There’s a whole lot of misinformation round, and you might have heard that it’s okay to take giant doses of ivermectin. It’s not okay.”

Overdose of ivermectin can even trigger nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, hypotension, allergic reactions, dizziness, ataxia, seizures, coma and even demise.

Additional, animal formulations of ivermectin – or different medicines – are extremely concentrated to be used in giant animals similar to horses and cows, which makes veterinary drugs formulations extraordinarily poisonous in people.

Dr. Walsh mentioned there are licensed remedies for COVID-19 and encourages having a dialogue together with your physician earlier than attempting any remedy by yourself.

“There are outpatient remedies similar to monoclonal antibodies that has been examined and confirmed to work in sufferers who will not be in want of hospitalization,” Dr. Walsh mentioned. “There’s a remedy referred to as Remdesivir, which is a remedy for individuals who do want hospitalization.

“And, in fact, the secure and really efficient vaccines are good at serving to to stop you from getting sick,” he mentioned. “Taking drugs that aren’t prescribed by a physician to deal with COVID-19 since you’ve heard about it on social media isn’t a secure technique to deal with your self.”

Delusion: The COVID-19 vaccines could cause a COVID-19 an infection.

Reality: Not one of the approved COVID-19 vaccines in the USA include the dwell virus that causes COVID-19, in keeping with the CDC. Because of this a COVID-19 vaccine can not make you sick with COVID-19.

COVID-19 vaccines train our immune methods easy methods to acknowledge and struggle the virus that causes COVID-19. Typically after being vaccinated, chances are you’ll expertise signs, similar to fever. That is regular and signifies the physique is constructing safety towards the virus that causes COVID-19.

Delusion: The COVID-19 vaccine pictures include a microchip.

Reality: The COVID-19 vaccines don’t include microchips. Vaccines are developed to struggle towards illness and will not be administered to trace your motion.

Brian Laird, PharmD, a Pharmacy Operations supervisor with OSF HealthCare, mentioned the parable relies on a widely-shared conspiracy idea that falsely claimed Invoice Gates funded the vaccines to place microchips in folks by means of vaccines.

“The vaccines include a tiny piece of genetic materials encased in salt, sugar and fat,” Brian mentioned.

Study extra in regards to the substances within the COVID-19 vaccinations and the way mRNA vaccines work. You may as well watch this video about mRNA vaccines and the way they work.

Delusion: The COVID-19 vaccines can alter DNA.

Reality: COVID-19 vaccines don’t change or work together together with your DNA in any method, in keeping with the CDC. The vaccines ship directions (genetic materials) to our cells to begin constructing safety towards the virus that causes COVID-19. The genetic materials by no means enters the nucleus of the cell the place our DNA is stored.

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