First U.S. Polio Case in Nearly a Decade Reported in New York

Newest Infectious Illness Information

FRIDAY, July 22, 2022

New York well being officers stated Thursday that the primary U.S. case of polio in practically a decade has been confirmed in a younger unvaccinated grownup in Rockland County.

“Based mostly on what we learn about this case, and polio normally, the [New York] Division of Well being strongly recommends that unvaccinated people get vaccinated or boosted with the FDA-approved IPV polio vaccine as quickly as attainable,” State Well being Commissioner Dr. Mary Bassett stated in an announcement. “The polio vaccine is secure and efficient, defending in opposition to this probably debilitating illness, and it has been a part of the spine of required, routine childhood immunizations really useful by well being officers and public well being companies nationwide.”

Within the Rockland County case, the affected person developed paralysis, however is now not contagious. It’s doubtless that the individual contracted the illness from somebody who had obtained a kind of stay polio vaccine administered solely in different international locations (america makes use of an inactivated sort of vaccine that may’t trigger polio), the Related Press reported. The individual had not traveled lately outdoors the nation, well being officers stated.

Investigators are actually working to find out particularly how the an infection occurred and whether or not others had been uncovered, whereas well being officers have scheduled polio vaccination clinics for Friday and Monday in New York.

“We would like pictures within the arms of those that want it,” Rockland County Well being Commissioner Dr. Patricia Schnabel Ruppert stated throughout a Thursday information convention, the AP reported.

Rockland County, a northern suburb of New York Metropolis, is thought for previous situations of vaccine resistance and had a measles outbreak that contaminated 312 individuals in 2018-2019, in accordance with the AP.

Earlier than vaccines grew to become accessible, polio was a much-feared illness that precipitated annual outbreaks together with hundreds of paralysis instances, principally in kids.

“A lot of you could be too younger to recollect polio, however after I was rising up, this illness struck worry in households, together with my very own,” Rockland County Govt Ed Day stated in an announcement. “The truth that it’s nonetheless round a long time after the vaccine was created exhibits you simply how relentless it’s. Do the best factor in your little one and the higher good of your group, and have your little one vaccinated now.”

Polio was declared eradicated in america in 1979. Vaccines have been accessible since 1955, with nationwide vaccine campaigns that diminished instances step by step, to 100 within the Sixties and fewer than 10 within the Nineteen Seventies, in accordance with the U.S. Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention.

About 93% of 2-year-old kids in america have obtained no less than three doses of the vaccine. The U.S. authorities recommends doses at 2 months, 4 months, 6 to 18 months, and eventually at 4 to six years previous, although some states solely require three doses.

Whereas most People are vaccinated in opposition to polio, Brown College pandemic researcher Jennifer Nuzzo stated this case ought to function a wake-up name to the unvaccinated.

“This is not regular. We do not need to see this,” Nuzzo instructed the AP. “When you’re vaccinated, it isn’t one thing you could fear about. But when you have not gotten your children vaccinated, it is actually essential that you simply be certain that they’re updated.”

Polio is unfold from individual to individual or by means of contaminated water. It could trigger paralysis, everlasting incapacity and demise after infecting an individual’s spinal wire.

The illness is endemic in Afghanistan and Pakistan. It has additionally been present in quite a few African international locations, the Center East and Asia lately. It was present in London sewage samples final month, inflicting the British authorities to concern a warning to oldsters about vaccines.

The final recorded U.S. case was in 2013, when a 7-month-old who had moved lately to america from India was recognized in Texas. That little one additionally had the kind of polio associated to the stay vaccine utilized in different international locations. Nonetheless, that weakened stay virus can, in uncommon instances, mutate right into a type that may trigger new outbreaks, the AP reported.

Extra info

The World Well being Group has extra on polio.


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