How to prevent hemorrhoids | OSF HealthCare

Whereas hemorrhoids are sometimes the butt of jokes, these struggling with them don’t discover the state of affairs humorous. And, sadly, about half of all of us can have hemorrhoids by age 50.

Julie Maner-Stevenson, superior apply registered nurse with OSF HealthCare, places jokes apart and talks about how one can reduce your possibilities of affected by hemorrhoids.

What are hemorrhoids?

When the veins or blood vessels in and round your anus and decrease rectum grow to be swollen and irritated, they’re referred to as hemorrhoids. It’s a results of an excessive amount of stress on these veins and blood vessels.

Hemorrhoids could be both inside your anus or below the pores and skin across the outdoors of your anus.

“Hemorrhoids are a quite common situation that impacts many individuals, often between the ages of 45 to 65, however they will have an effect on folks of all ages and genders,” Julie mentioned.

What causes hemorrhoids?

It’s possible you’ll get hemorrhoids for those who:

  • Are older
  • Are pregnant
  • Have a household historical past
  • Have long-term or power constipation or diarrhea
  • Typically pressure throughout bowel actions

It often comes right down to extra stress, however it might consequence from weakened veins and blood vessels or hereditary points. Everyone seems to be totally different and might deal with totally different ranges of stress.

“For example, many instances, girls get hemorrhoids throughout their being pregnant and childbirth. The additional stress of the child and the exertion of childbirth places stress on the blood vessels of their pelvis,” Julie mentioned.

What are you able to do to forestall hemorrhoids?

Whereas it’s not at all times attainable to forestall hemorrhoids, you possibly can cut back the chance by consuming a standard nutritious diet, keep away from straining these veins and blood vessels and sustaining a wholesome weight.

“Stopping hemorrhoids consists of protecting bowel actions smooth and straightforward to go,” Julie mentioned. “This may be executed by staying hydrated and rising fiber.”

Sustaining constant bowel actions via correct diet reduces the chance of constipation and diarrhea.

“Most individuals want 20-35 grams of fiber each day. Consuming a eating regimen stuffed with contemporary vegetables and fruit together with different fiber-filled meals may also help enhance each day fiber consumption,” Julie mentioned. “For those who discover it arduous to eat sufficient fiber, you possibly can strive over-the-counter fiber dietary supplements like Metamucil, Citrucel, Benefiber or Fibercon. These drugs can all be present in generic kind.”

One other benefit to a wholesome digestive tract, it helps restrict your time and effort on the bathroom.

“Attempt to keep away from straining throughout bowel actions. Some folks must take stool softeners to forestall arduous stools which can be tough to go,” Julie mentioned. “Stool softeners like docusate sodium can be utilized. In some circumstances, osmotic laxatives like polyethylene glycol 3350 could also be helpful.”

It’s not at all times attainable, however attempt to keep away from exerting or straining these veins and blood vessels.

Speaking to your well being care supplier

Working together with your well being care supplier to handle bowel points and forestall pointless straining is your first step towards avoiding hemorrhoids.

Your main care supplier may also help you establish bother spots in your eating regimen and join you with a dietitian, if essential.

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