Human-to-human transmission of bird flu rare, no need to panic, AIIMS chief says

AIIMS director Randeep Guleria | ANI File Picture

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New Delhi: Because the nation reported the primary confirmed case of human demise as a consequence of Avian influenza, AIIMS chief Dr Randeep Guleria on Wednesday stated that human-to-human transmission of the H5N1 virus could be very uncommon and there’s no must panic.

Nonetheless, there’s a must do contact tracing and likewise take samples and search for any poultry deaths within the space from the place the kid who died because of the virus was residing, the AIIMS director advised PTI.

A 12-year-old boy from Haryana, who was contaminated with the H5N1 virus, just lately died at AIIMS Delhi.

The Nationwide Institute of Virology, Pune had confirmed the an infection, Dr Guelria stated.

“The transmission of the virus from birds to people is uncommon and sustained human-to-human transmission of the H5N1 virus has not but been established and due to this fact there isn’t any must panic.

“However then individuals working carefully with poultry should take precautionary measures and keep correct private hygiene,” Dr Guleria stated.

Dr Neeraj Nischal, an affiliate professor within the Division of Medication at AIIMS, stated Avian influenza or hen flu is predominately a zoonosis, and there’s no proof of sustained human-to-human transmission thus far.

“Though few remoted household clusters have been reported, transmission in these clusters might have occurred by way of widespread publicity and in uncommon state of affairs a really shut bodily contact; there isn’t any proof of human-to-human transmission through small-particle aerosols,” he stated.

“Serologic surveys haven’t discovered proof of asymptomatic infections amongst contacts of energetic circumstances and nosocomial transmission to healthcare staff has not been documented,” Dr Nischal stated.

“There isn’t a want to fret if one is consuming correctly cooked poultry merchandise. There isn’t a proof thus far that it may be unfold to individuals by way of correctly cooked meals. The virus will get destroyed when the meals is cooked at excessive temperature. One ought to keep away from contact with contaminated poultry, particularly sick or dying chickens,” he stated.

Dr Guleria stated prior to now when H5N1 avian flu influenza circumstances have been reported from poultry, culling of poultry in these areas has been finished to forestall the unfold of an infection and deal with it early.

The H5N1 is often transmitted to poultry by way of migratory birds, he stated.

Individuals who work in shut contact with poultry are at excessive danger of getting the an infection, Guleria added.

An AIIMS supply had stated the 12-year-old boy was admitted to AIIMS on July 2 with pneumonia and leukaemia. He died on July 12. Whereas present process remedy, assessments for COVID-19 and influenza have been carried out.

“His samples examined unfavorable for COVID-19. It got here out optimistic for influenza however was non-typable. It was despatched to Nationwide Institute of Virology, Pune, the place they confirmed it to be optimistic for H5N1 avian influenza,” the supply had stated.

Particulars of the case have been conveyed to the Nationwide Centre for Illness Management (NCDC) and their group has began surveillance and speak to tracing and to see if there are any extra circumstances with comparable signs with whom the kid has are available contact, sources stated.

In the meantime, all workers at AIIMS who have been uncovered to the deceased have been requested to observe themselves for any signs of flu and report back to the authorities instantly.

In January, some states like Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana and Chhattisgarh culled poultry birds after the illness was reported.

In accordance with the WHO, nearly all circumstances of H5N1 an infection in individuals have been related to shut contact with contaminated dwell or useless birds, or H5N1-contaminated environments.

At present obtainable epidemiologic info suggests the virus doesn’t infect people simply, and unfold from individual to individual seems to be uncommon. When individuals do develop into contaminated, the mortality price is about 60 per cent.

In accordance with the World Well being Organisation poultry and poultry merchandise could be ready and consumed as standard, with no worry of buying an infection with the avian flu virus.

One ought to proceed to observe good hygienic and cooking practices. The virus is destroyed at a temperature of 70 levels C for half-hour. After dealing with poultry and eggs, one ought to clear fingers and different uncovered components, it stated. -PTI

Additionally learn: Hen flu worry in Delhi after over 50 crows are discovered useless in Mayur Vihar, Dwarka, Uttam Nagar

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