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Is It Possible To Contract Two Coronavirus Strains At The Same Time?

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The SARS-CoV-2 or extra popularly often known as COVID-19, has triggered one of many worst pandemics within the historical past of human civilization with a dying toll exceeding greater than 4 million worldwide (as per WHO reviews). This virus has been mutating continually and it has been documented that completely different individuals have been examined constructive with completely different COVID variants. Nonetheless, current reviews have discovered that there’s now a chance of coinfection from two completely different COVID-19 variants similtaneously properly.

The First Case of Coinfection

The primary case of such a coinfection was found as early as November 2020 in southern Brazil. Researchers in Brazil had documented two sufferers, each of their 30s. These two sufferers had been contaminated with the P.2 (also called the B.1.1.28) variant and one different Variant of Concern (VOC). This led to the brand new chance of contracting two COVID strains on the identical time. Co-infection instances triggered main researchers at Feevale College, Brazil to conclude that such combos will generate variants extra shortly which poses the danger of a better transmissibility price. 

The Most Latest Case of Coinfection

On third March 2021, the newest case of coinfection was documented when a lady was admitted to a hospital in Belgium and examined constructive for the virus. The nonagenarian handed away inside 5 days of hospitalisation and upon later inspection, scientists discovered that her respiratory samples had each the Alpha (B.1.1.7) and the Beta (B.1.351) COVID mutations. Each of those had been VOCs since they had been studied to be extremely infectious and deadly.

How Does Coinfection Happen?

Viruses normally have both DNA or RNA as genetic materials that’s wanted for replication. The SARS-CoV-2 is an RNA virus however has already been proven to bear a variety of mutations thus far. In accordance with the information of the World Well being Group (WHO), there are not less than 9 completely different COVID mutations which have been formally documented and labeled beneath two classes. These are:

  1. Variants of Concern 
  1. Variants of Curiosity
  • Eta (B.1.525 )
  • Iota (B.1.526)
  • Kappa (B.1.617.1)
  • Lambda (C.37)
  • Mu (B.1.621).

Coinfection normally happens because of publicity to a big crowd with excessive probabilities of publicity to individuals contaminated with completely different COVID variants. Nonetheless, scientists have additionally proposed that the virus can bear a course of often known as recombination contained in the physique of the contaminated individual. This may solely occur when two viruses infect the identical cell and find yourself exchanging and recombining their genetic materials to create a newly mutated variant of the virus.

Who’s at a Greater Danger?

In accordance with a report printed within the on-line medical journal repository medrXiv, a Portuguese teenage woman who had been recovering from a earlier COVID an infection was discovered to be contaminated with one other variant on the identical time. This depicts the likelihood that people who find themselves recovering from COVID-19 could also be at a better threat of coinfection too. Scientists have additionally confirmed that folks residing in areas with decrease vaccination charges are at higher threat. Furthermore, previous age, comorbidities and a compromised immune system proceed to be elements of excessive threat even for COVID-19 coinfection.

Conclusion

Since RNA viruses like Hepatitis C and Influenza have been recognized to trigger coinfections upon mutation, there isn’t any purpose why the identical wouldn’t occur with COVID-19. Furthermore, with the current reviews of the instances of coinfection, it’s all the extra purpose to keep away from massive crowds and observe COVID-19 protocol in any respect public locations.

Disclaimer: The data included at this web site is for instructional functions solely and isn’t supposed to be an alternative choice to medical therapy by a healthcare skilled. Due to distinctive particular person wants, the reader ought to seek the advice of their doctor to find out the appropriateness of the knowledge for the reader’s scenario.

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