As COVID-19 circumstances within the U.S. rise in a surge pushed by the extremely transmissible Omicron BA.5 subvariant alongside the widespread lifting of masks mandates and different coronavirus-related security precautions, many immunocompromised adults and people with weakened immune techniques proceed to be at a better threat of extreme sickness and dying from a coronavirus an infection, even after receiving the COVID-19 vaccine. The newest KFF COVID-19 Vaccine Monitor survey finds that adults who report having at any time been informed by a physician they’ve a weakened or compromised immune system are extra possible than different adults to say they’re nervous about changing into severely sick with COVID-19 or creating lengthy COVID, whereas many proceed to take precautions in opposition to COVID-19 reminiscent of masking and social distancing.
Who Stories Having Weakened Or Compromised Immune Methods?
All through the COVID-19 pandemic, many information reviews have emphasised the elevated sense of threat amongst some immunocompromised adults or these residing with a persistent sickness or incapacity. Prior KFF COVID-19 Vaccine Monitor polling from February confirmed that concern for immunocompromised adults was widespread, with a majority of the general public expressing fear that immune-compromised individuals can be left behind if the federal government had been to raise pandemic restrictions. KFF’s COVID-19 Vaccine Monitor survey finds that about one in ten adults (11%) say a physician or well being care supplier has informed them that they’re immunocompromised or have a weakened or compromised immune system. Amongst adults on this group, two-thirds are ladies (66%) and about six in ten are ages 50 and older (61%). A majority of adults who say they’re immunocompromised report that they don’t seem to be presently employed, together with one in 5 who’re on incapacity or can’t work (20%),
Given the disproportionate threat of extreme COVID-19 sickness for immunocompromised adults, the CDC presently recommends a second booster dose for people who find themselves reasonably or severely immunocompromised. KFF’s most up-to-date COVID-19 Vaccine Monitor survey exhibits that giant shares of adults who say they had been informed by a well being care supplier that they’ve a weakened or compromised immune system report having obtained not less than one dose of the COVID-19 vaccine (82%), together with about six in ten (57%) who report receiving not less than one booster dose. Slightly below one in 5 say they’re unvaccinated (18%).
Heightened Fear Of Covid-19 Threat Amongst Adults Who Report Weakened Or Compromised Immune Methods
For immunocompromised adults and people with sure medical circumstances, coronavirus poses a heightened threat of extreme sickness, the necessity for hospitalization or intensive care, and dying.
Amongst adults who’ve at any level been informed by a physician or well being care supplier that they’ve a compromised or weakened immune system, a majority say they’re both “very” or “considerably” nervous they’ll develop lengthy COVID (65%) or get severely sick from COVID-19 (61%). Fewer of those that haven’t been informed they’re immunocompromised report worrying over the consequences of coronavirus an infection, with slightly below 4 in ten reporting they’re both nervous about creating lengthy COVID (37%) or getting severely sick from COVID-19 (36%).
Continued Precautions In opposition to COVID-19
Whereas disproportionate shares of adults who report being informed they’re immunocompromised categorical fear over the consequences of COVID-19 sickness, additional shares say they’ve continued to take precautions as pandemic-related restrictions have dissipated. When requested to say in their very own phrases what they’ve accomplished to regulate as COVID-19 restrictions and masks mandates are lifted, 4 in ten say they proceed to put on face masks, with smaller shares saying they’re nonetheless staying dwelling (14%) and social distancing or avoiding crowds (11%). Whereas substantial shares report making these changes as an immunocompromised particular person throughout the pandemic, about one in six (17%) say they’ve accomplished nothing to regulate.
Because the COVID-19 pandemic continues into its second yr, many immunocompromised adults report taking continued precautions to mitigate the dangers posed by coronavirus an infection. Under, in their very own phrases, are some particular changes that these extra susceptible adults have made.
In Their Personal Phrases: With COVID-19 restrictions and masks mandates being lifted, what, if something, have you ever accomplished to regulate as an immunocompromised particular person throughout the pandemic?
“Gotten the Evusheld (monoclonal antibodies) injections; proceed to put on masks in indoor public areas; keep away from massive gatherings; eschew hugging and hand shaking”– 62-year-old lady in Tennessee
“It’s restricted my entry to a number of locations, value me cash in PPE and sanitizers, and lowered my high quality of life” – 25-year-old lady in Kentucky
“I’ve stayed dwelling. Not significantly going round of us who I’m undecided of.” – 42-year-old man in North Carolina
“Nonetheless carrying a masks 100% when out and if round anybody who’s susceptible for any cause, age, well being, and so forth.” – 70-year-old man in Wisconsin
“Restricted outing, get totally vaccinated/boosted, all the time put on masks and avoid closed areas and keep in open the place there are fewer individuals” 45-year-old man in New Jersey
“Our family remains to be beneath a reasonably tight quarantine and we masks in public, even outdoor” – 49-year-old lady in North Carolina
“I nonetheless put on a masks in smaller indoor areas and hold my distance from individuals in every single place. I nonetheless wipe down purchasing carts and different surfaces I’ll contact whereas purchasing. I nonetheless wash my arms greater than the typical particular person would.” 50-year-old lady in Minnesota