Condoms are a preferred technique of contraception. If used appropriately, there’s a couple of 2 p.c threat of turning into pregnant whereas utilizing a condom, but it surely’s a good suggestion to make use of one other technique of contraception together with it.
Condoms are a preferred technique of contraception since they’re extremely efficient relating to stopping being pregnant and sexually transmitted ailments (STDs). Additionally they do not include any hormones. When condoms are used appropriately, they’ve a really excessive charge of stopping being pregnant. Even so, they are not 100% efficient, so it is a good suggestion to make use of condoms together with one other type of contraception to apply secure intercourse.
What are condoms and the way do they work?
A condom is a barrier type of contraception that stops you from immediately touching your accomplice. That is one of the simplest ways to guard each of you from STIs. It’s additionally an efficient technique of contraception because it stops the person’s sperm from reaching the lady’s eggs.
There are three completely different sorts of condoms:
- Male condom: goes over the penis and collects semen when the person ejaculates.
- Feminine condom: additionally known as an inner condom, this type goes inside the lady’s vagina to forestall sperm from reaching the eggs.
- Dental dam: a particular condom you need to use throughout oral intercourse to forestall STIs.
Condoms might be manufactured from latex, polyurethane, or lambskin. Latex condoms are your best option since they don’t break as simply and do job of stopping STIs. When you or your accomplice have a latex allergy, polyurethane condoms are the following most suitable option.
Some condoms are lubricated to cut back the friction created throughout intercourse. This helps to forestall the condom from breaking or tearing. Condoms may additionally be coated with spermicide, too. In case the condom does break, the spermicide might help sluggish the sperm down so it does not attain the egg.
Effectiveness of condoms
No technique of contraception has a 100% charge of stopping being pregnant. Nonetheless, if you happen to use condoms appropriately, there’s a excellent likelihood of stopping being pregnant. Condoms have a 98% charge of effectiveness, which means there’s nonetheless a 2% likelihood that you possibly can turn out to be pregnant whereas utilizing a condom. This will occur if the condom breaks and also you don’t use a secondary type of backup contraception. There may be additionally a small likelihood that pre-ejaculate, or pre-cum, might attain the egg earlier than the condom is placed on correctly.
If condoms are your solely type of contraception, they should be used each time that you’ve got intercourse with a purpose to forestall being pregnant. It should be placed on appropriately, proper facet out. You also needs to solely use condoms that aren’t expired. Previous condoms have a tendency to interrupt simpler.
If a condom breaks throughout intercourse, most individuals don’t understand it till after. When you understand throughout intercourse that the condom broke, it is best to cease straight away and placed on a brand new one. If you realize the condom broke and it was your solely type of contraception, there’s a risk of turning into pregnant. To keep away from being pregnant, you possibly can name your physician or well being care supplier to hunt out emergency contraception.
When you used a condom however are nervous there is likely to be an opportunity of turning into pregnant for any motive, it is best to wait to take a being pregnant check till at the very least one week after your missed interval. If taken too early, a being pregnant check can provide a false detrimental outcome.
Ideas for utilizing condoms
If you use condoms appropriately, your probabilities of stopping being pregnant improve.
Storage. Hold your condoms someplace that isn’t too sizzling or too chilly. They need to even be stored someplace away from sharp objects or different objects that would puncture the condom. This consists of not carrying condoms in your pockets the place they will simply get damaged earlier than use.
Lubricants. When you use lubricants, keep away from oil-based merchandise. These merchandise, like lotions or Vaseline, can break down the latex in condoms. Nonetheless, you need to use oil-based lubricants with polyurethane condoms. To be secure, follow water-based lubes since they’re secure to make use of with any type of condom.
Timing. When working towards secure intercourse, a condom should be placed on earlier than sexual contact begins. As talked about, it’s attainable that you possibly can get pregnant if pre-cum enters the vagina earlier than a condom is worn. Don’t consider placing on a condom as an interruption. As a substitute, simply consider it as a part of the method.
Additionally, keep in mind that a condom can solely be worn as soon as. You probably have intercourse a number of occasions, it’s necessary to placed on a brand new condom every time.
Different types of contraception
To completely forestall being pregnant, it’s necessary to make use of a backup type of contraception. For ladies, some hormonal choices embrace:
Some barrier strategies embrace:
Remember the fact that neither hormonal nor barrier strategies are 100% efficient in opposition to stopping being pregnant. Solely condoms are efficient at stopping STIs.
Even if you happen to use a condom each time, realizing while you’re fertile and conserving monitor of when you will have intercourse might help you higher perceive when you will get pregnant.
Medically Reviewed on 8/20/2021
Heart for Younger Ladies’s Well being: “My being pregnant check was detrimental and I used safety, however my interval is 9 days late. Ought to I be involved?”
Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention: “Contraception.”
Cleveland Clinic: “Condoms.”
Johns Hopkins Drugs: “Man’s Information to Secure Intercourse.”
TeensHealth by Nemours: “Are Condoms 100% Efficient?” “What if the Condom Breaks?”