Sunburn treatment: What works? – Mayo Clinic News Network

Nice summer time days are filled with rest, enjoyable and loads of sunshine. Sadly, spending an excessive amount of time within the solar can result in a sunburn. Your pores and skin could also be infected, painful and really feel scorching to the contact.

Any uncovered a part of the physique, together with your lips, earlobes and scalp, can burn. The signs of sunburn normally seem a couple of hours after solar publicity.

Sadly, there isn’t any quick repair to assuage a sunburn. After getting sunburn, the injury is finished. After a couple of days, your physique will start to heal by peeling off the broken pores and skin’s high layer. A foul burn can take a number of days to heal.

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Within the meantime, right here are some things you are able to do to deal with sunburn and ease your discomfort:

Maintain pores and skin cool and moist.

Apply chilly compresses, similar to a towel dampened with cool water, to the affected pores and skin a number of occasions a day. Or take a cool tub with baking soda. Apply aloe vera lotion, moisturizing cream or a nonprescription 1% hydrocortisone cream to the affected pores and skin a number of occasions a day. Attempt cooling the product within the fridge earlier than making use of for extra-soothing consolation. Keep away from merchandise containing alcohol, which may additional dry out pores and skin.

Keep away from merchandise that comprise benzocaine.

Watch out for sunburn remedy merchandise containing anesthetics, similar to benzocaine. There’s little proof that these merchandise are efficient. In some circumstances, they will irritate the pores and skin. Benzocaine has been linked to a uncommon however severe, and generally lethal, situation that decreases the quantity of oxygen that the blood can carry. Do not use benzocaine on youngsters youthful than age 2 with out supervision from a well being care skilled, as this age group has been most affected. For those who’re an grownup, by no means use greater than the really helpful dose of benzocaine, and take into account speaking together with your well being care skilled.

Depart blisters alone. 

If blisters kind, do not break them. Doing so solely slows the therapeutic course of and will increase the danger of an infection. If wanted, evenly cowl blisters with gauze.

Take an over-the-counter ache reliever. 

If wanted, take anti-inflammatory remedy, similar to aspirin or ibuprofen, in keeping with the label directions till redness and ache subside. Do not give youngsters or youngsters aspirin. It could trigger Reye’s syndrome, a uncommon however doubtlessly deadly illness.

Deal with peeling pores and skin gently. 

Inside a couple of days, the affected space might start to peel. That is merely your physique’s manner of eliminating the highest layer of broken pores and skin. Whereas your pores and skin is peeling, proceed to make use of moisturizing cream.

Drink further water.

This helps forestall dehydration.

Speak together with your well being care staff in case your sunburn covers a big portion of your physique with blisters, sunburn is accompanied by a excessive fever or extreme ache, or extreme sunburn does not start to enhance inside a couple of days.

To stop future episodes of sunburn, apply sunscreen steadily and liberally. Choose a broad-spectrum product that gives safety in opposition to ultraviolet A and ultraviolet B radiation and has a solar safety issue of a minimum of 15.

Watch out within the solar in the event you take medicines that make sunburn extra seemingly. A typical instance is tetracycline taken orally for zits. Lastly, use widespread sense when outdoor. Cowl up and keep within the shade as a lot as potential. 

Trent Anderson, D.O., is a household drugs doctor in Lake Metropolis and Plainview, Minnesota.

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