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Tips protect yourself and your family from dengue and malaria fever

To guard your self and your loved ones, it is very important shield your self from getting bitten by feminine anopheles and Aedes mosquitoes

Malaria is transmitted by the chunk of a feminine anopheles mosquito. Dengue is transmitted by the chunk Aedes mosquito. To guard your self and your loved ones, it is very important shield your self from getting bitten by these mosquitoes.

1) Perceive: Dengue is brought on by a virus and transmitted by the chunk indoors in addition to outside.

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2) Discover: Discover the breeding grounds of mosquito larvae in your home and surrounding. This mosquito prefers to put eggs in clear stagnant water. The breeding locations for this mosquito might be present in clear water containers, open storage tanks, plant and flower pots and vases, discarded bottles and cups, tyres or every other object like coconut shells the place water can get gathered.

3) Destroy: When you establish destroy these breeding locations by throwing away appropriately these objects the place water can get gathered. Scrub and clear the buckets and different containers like vases and pots and alter the water in them at the least each week. Cowl the water containers and utensils with a lid to stop mosquitoes from breeding. Make sure that there isn’t any waste clogging the drains and water is free flowing.

4) Stop the chunk

• Use lengthy sleeves garments, mosquito repellants

• Use mosquito nets and shut window screens to stop the entry of mosquitoes in the home.

• Additionally co-operate with well being authorities in implementing mosquito management measures in your environment.

• These small acts of preventive measures may also help struggle the massive chunk. Your well being is in your palms.

• In case you get dengue or malaria an infection, it is very important perceive the illness and its problems.

• Each of those are febrile sicknesses

Malaria is brought on by a parasite named plasmodium. Vivax and falciparum are two of the widespread species present in our metropolis. It’s classically related to chills and rigours together with fever which is adopted by sweating. It may possibly have problems like liver, kidney and lung involvement.

Dengue is brought on by the dengue virus. There are three phases of sickness in dengue:

1) The febrile section: It’s characterised by abrupt onset of excessive grade fever which is steady related to physique ache, headache, ache behind the eyes and fatigue. This section lasts from one to 5 days and most affected person get better fully.

2) The essential section: As soon as the fever subsides a number of the sufferers could wind up in essential section the place that is capillary leakage and different problems.

This normally is 24 to 72 hours after decision of fever. There are specific warning indicators which level in the direction of affected person creating extreme illness like ache in stomach, vomitting, any bleeding from any website, petechia spots over physique, breathlessness.

On this section, there may be fluid from blood vessels leaks into third area. This causes one thing referred to as hemoconcentration i e there may be rise in blood hematocrit amor the packed cell quantity in your CBC report together with low platelet  Additionally there may be accumulation of fluid in third areas like chest and stomach.

3 ) convalescent section or restoration section: On this section the fluid that had leaked throughout essential section comes again within the blood and affected person begins to really feel higher .some quantity of weak spot and fatigue could stay for few weeks.

In administration of dengue, fluid consumption is essential in febrile and particularly essential phases.

Take paracetamol for fever however don’t take ache killers like NSAIDS. It is best to comply with advise given by your physician. In case you’ve warning indicators as talked about above you need to instantly attain hospital and get your self assessed by a health care provider who can resolve whether or not that you must be  admitted to recieve fluids as required. Antibiotics haven’t any function in dengue.

Additionally don’t comply with and get tensed in regards to the platelet rely. In dengue platelet rely goes to fall and it takes time to restoration. Platelet transfusion is required solely when one has any bleeding or platelet rely could be very low. As a substitute it is very important search for any warning indicators and signs and rise in hematocrit or packed cell quantity .

For malaria, medicines can be found which may clear your blood of any malarial parasite. It is best to take them as per your physician’s recommendation.

The writer is marketing consultant for infectious illnesses at World Hospital in Parel, Mumbai. Views are private.

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